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Classical Europe

Classical Europe includes the historic time periods of Ancient Greece and the ancient Roman Empire. Ancient Greece greatly influenced the Western civilization and in fact, the individualistic and democratic cultures of the Western civilization are frequently credited to Ancient Greece.

The Greeks were the inventors of the city-state or polis that played a major role in their identity concept. The political models of the Greeks were explored once again during the later half of the 18th century by the idealists and philosophers of Europe. Greece also evidenced important cultural developments in the field of rationalism, humanism and philosophy under Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Other significant historical changes were also witnessed under Thucydides and Herodotus and literary revolutions under Homer. Archimedes, Pythagoras and Euclid should be credited for the scientific inventions and discoveries.

The Roman Empire also immensely impacted the historic time period of Classical Europe by influencing significantly architecture, government, engineering, language and law of Europe. The comparatively peaceful period of Pax Romana, expansion of the Roman Empire took place to embrace most of Europe and whole of the Mediterranean Basin.

Influence of stoicism was noticed remarkably on the emperors of Classical Europe like Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius and Hadrian, who were engaged mostly in fights with the Scottish, Germanic and Pictish tribes along the northern limit of Europe. Christianity on due course was legalized by Constantine I following three centuries of regal discrimination.

Ancient Greece is considered to the time period in historic Greece during the eventful Classical Antiquity period, which continued from 750 BC to 146 BC. It is usually believed to be determining culture which influenced the birth of the Western civilization. In fact, Greek culture strongly influenced the Roman Empire and eventually impacted other regions of the world. The Roman Empire denotes the majestic kingdom created by Rome and also the time period in which that civilization existed, typified by an autocratic type of a government.

The Roman Empire followed the Roman Republic period that continued from 510 BC to the 1st Century BC. End of the Roman Republic was drawn near by the struggle between Sulla and the Roman General Gaius Marius. The Roman Empire spanned major part of Europe and a number of several important countries, and thus encircled the entire Mediterranean Sea. The Romans had significantly influenced European military, architecture, government, culture, arts, language and technology. If you are interested in knowing more about Classical Europe, click at one on the following interesting links on our site europetravelhub.com:


  • Ancient Greece
  • The Roman Empire
  • Classical radio in Europe
  • Classical music in Europe
  • Classical music events in Europe

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