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The Roman Empire

The Roman Empire denotes the grand sphere of influence that was established by Rome as well as the time period in which this domain that practiced autocracy, prevailed. The Roman Empire followed the Roman Republic period which lasted for 5 long centuries from 510 BC to the 1st century BC. The Roman Republic period was concluded by the clash between Sulla and Gaius Marius, and the civil war between Pompey the Great and Julius Caesar. A number of dates are often offered to delineate the starting date of The Roman Empire.

The most convincing ones include the day of appointment of Julius Caesar as an eternal dictator in 44 BC, Octavian's triumph at the famous Battle of Actium on the 2nd of September in 31 BC and granting of the Augustus title to Octavian by the Roman Senate on the 16th of January in 27 BC.

Imperium Romanum is the most appropriate expression in Latin, in which imperium is indicative of a territory which ruled by the Romans. From the reign of Augustus to the fall of Rome, the control of Rome extended over Wales, England, major part of Europe, coasts of North Africa along with Egypt, most of Levant, the Black Sea, the Balkans, and the Asia Minor.

The Roman Empire can be colligated with Spain, Turkey, Italy, France, Greece, Albania, the Balkans, present-day Portugal, portions of Middle East, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Egypt, current-day Syria, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Algeria.

The people who lived in Rome were called Romans, who followed the Roman law. Expansion of The Roman Empire started much prior to the conversion of the state into a kingdom and attained its height with the conquest of Mesopotamia in AD 116 and that of Dacia in AD 106 during Emperor Trajan's reign. At this point of time in the history of The Roman Empire, it extended over 5,900,000 square kilometer of land along covered the Mediterranean Sea. The date of conclusion of The Roman Empire is often taken to the 4th of September in 476 AD with the deposition of Romulus Augustus, the last Roman emperor of the expansive Western Roman Empire.

Diocletian was the only surviving Emperor of the undivided territory who retired from his duty in AD 305. The capital of this territory is no other city but the famous city of Rome. He divided the empire into the East Roman Empire and the West Roman Empire. The fall of Western Roman Empire took place in the 5th century whereas the East Roman Empire, which is now termed as the Byzantine Empire, managed to preserve the cultural and legal traditions of The Roman Empire into the Ottoman Empire.

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