Bauska

Bauska is a beautiful town in Bauska County, which is situated in the Zemgale region of the southern parts of Latvia. Bauska is stationed at the meeting point of the rivers Memele and Musa where they combine to form the Lielupe River. Bauska is situated at about 66 kilometers from Riga, the capital of Latvia and at a distance of about twenty kilometers from the borders with Lithuania.

At the time of the fall of 1701, the king of Sweden, Charles XII and the army of Sweden conquered Bauska on its campaign into Poland, in chase of the Saxon army at the time of the Great Northern War. No records of Bauska being domiciled by human population until the middle of the 15th century were found. There are some evidences found by the archaeologists who suggest that some of the ancient settlement may have been constituted at the meeting point of the two rivers, the Memele and the Musa around 3500 years ago. Some of the written evidence discovered dates back to the mid 15th century. There are various historical places, which one can see and enjoy during his or her tour to Bauska. This town also possesses some of the most beautiful scenic beauties which can be enjoyed by the discerning nature travels and also other business as well as leisure travelers to this town.

The biggest manufacturing enterprises available in the town of Bauska during the later parts of the 19th century and the earlier parts of the 20th centuries were the water-mill, brewery and workshops of potters. The starting of the 20th century witnessed several revolutionary events. In the year, 1906 some of the revolutionaries of Bauska were shot dead by the punitive expedition. At the time of the World War I the army of Germany took control of Bauska in the month of July, 1915. Before the attack and subsequent capture of the entire Bauska by the German army more than half of the inhabitants of the town left for safer places.

The electric lighting system was installed in the year 1916 in Bauska and railroad track from Meitene to Bauska was built during the rule of the Germans. Soon after the proclamation of the Latvian Republic in the month of November 1918 the local authorities were constituted. But that was not the end, and again in the month of January 1919 the Red Army captured Bauska. There was some change in power but ultimately in the months of October and November Bauska was again captured by the Bermont army. After continuous struggle for independence at the time of the 20s and 30s of the late century, Bauska evolved into an administrative centre. This town will observe its 400th anniversary in the year, 2009. There are various attractive sites in Bauska, which are the castle ruins from the 13th to the 17th centuries, and various other beauties of nature.